Do Brain Contusions Affect Recovery from Head Injuries?
Traumatic brain injuries are a common trauma-related injury. Mild traumatic brain injury, the most common form of TBI, carries the possibility of causing structural abnormalities in the brain, leading to long-term complications. While structural brain damage visible on a CT scan could have an important effect on recovery following MTBI, its role is not well understood.
A recent study sought to add to our understanding of the role of brain contusion in MTBI recovery. The study involved 50 patients with mild TBI and brain contusion visible in their CT scans. These patients were studied for 14 months following their injury.
Neurological symptom presence increased hospital stay length and the number of CT scans performed.
No objective neurological signs were seen in 42% of MTBI patients with contusion. However, 50% returned to the hospital later with neurologic signs or symptoms. Brain contusion alone did not appear to worsen the prognosis for short-term recovery in patients with MTBI, and did not result in neurosurgical interventions in these patients.
Zare MA, Admadi K, Zadegan SA, Farsi D, Rahimi-Movaghar V. Effects of brain contusion on mild traumatic brain injured patients. Journal of Injury and Violence Research 2012; 43 (4): 48.